Game Environment Policy

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CONFERENCE CAROLINAS GAME MANAGEMENT POLICIES
1.1 Conference Carolinas Mission Statement
          
The mission of the Conference Carolinas is to unite independent colleges and universities with a comparable liberal arts focus that provides institutionally controlled intercollegiate athletic opportunities that enhance the educational experience of all students and promote the mission of member institutions. (10/20/04)

1.2 Principles of Game Management
Game management includes all aspects of the game environment as factors other than one’s behavior are assessed prior to, during and after an athletic event occurs. Each institution within Conference Carolinas shall have a designated game manager who will provide direction to their athletic staff as well as the opposing team’s athletic staff by providing and following a set of policies created by each member institution’s game management committee.

1.3 Game Management Responsibility
A member school’s Athletics Director has the responsibility to appoint a designated game manager for the entire year, a specific sports season, or a specific athletic event. The game manager is to work alongside the Athletics Director to ensure that a safe and hospitable game environment is created for all home and visiting team athletic participants, fans, students, officials, and administrators. The game manager is responsible to enforce the Conference’s Sportsmanship Ethical Conduct Policy at all times.
            1.3.1 Description of the Game Manager(s)

The game manager(s) shall be the person(s) responsible for organizing all aspects of game operations by having oversight of maintenance and scheduling for all home athletic events.  They will act at as the contact person/liaison for all functions held at the  institution’s athletic facilities and they will continuously work with the Athletics Director to ensure that all NCAA, Conference, and Institutional rules and regulations are adhered by all players and staff at all times during athletic events.

 

1.4 Duties/Responsibilities of the Game Manager(s)
The responsibilities of game manager(s) include but are not limited to:
a. Scheduling and supervising the daily operation of all athletic facilities at each institution
b. Coordinating all home athletic contest event management (providing game management protocols and guides for home and visiting teams)
c. Managing maintenance and custodial specific requests for all athletic venues
d. Scheduling & supervising all event staff at home athletic contests & other events held at the venue.
e. Coordinating security for home athletic events
f. Coordinating all visiting team arrivals and communicating via email to visiting team’s head coach discussing what to expect upon arrival to the institution in addition to providing guidelines/information on where the athletic buses, fans, and handicap parking areas are located
g. Assisting all media who attend athletic events (SIDs carry main oversight)
h. Training, scheduling, and educating student workers & staff for event management functions
i. Monitoring and maintaining crowd control during home athletic events


1.5 Scorers Table Responsibilities
All game personnel who sit at or near the scorer table are to remain neutral and refrain from cheering during the athletic event. It is not appropriate to speak with the head coach about specific areas of concern that are raised by the opposing team’s coach. If there is a discrepancy about the game clock, shot clock, score board, etc., all issues shall be discussed with those officiating the competition.

 

1.6 Crowd Control
It is the responsibility of the home athletic venue to provide the appropriate number of game management staff and/or security personnel to ensure a safe and enjoyable game environment where the actions of the crowd can be monitored and addressed in order to prevent poor sportsmanship and/or destructive behavior. 

1.7 Visiting Team Protection

Throughout the duration the visiting team visits the competition site, the host institution is responsible for providing appropriate and adequate security personnel to protect the safety of all players and staff traveling with the team to and from the locker room or field of play as well as the visiting team’s bench and practice areas. Each institution must develop an appropriate exit plan for the visiting team as this information and the above safety information is to be communicated to the visiting team.

1.8 Officials

Throughout the duration the officials are on the host institution’s campus for the purpose of officiating a competition, they are to be provided with adequate security personnel to protect their safety to and from the official’s locker room/designated area to the field of play as well as from the field of play to the parking lot if necessary. Each institution must develop an appropriate exit plan for officials as this information and the above safety guidelines are to be communicated to the officials/assignor prior to the sport’s season. Conference Carolinas believes that officials are to enforce rules set forth by the NCAA. Failure to enforce the rules of the game will be handled by the Conference office after an investigation has been conducted. Penalties imposed upon officials include reprimand and suspension.



1.9 Reporting Issues/Concerns 

Student-athletes, coaches, fans, and/or administrative staff members are encouraged to report any issue of concern to the host institution’s game manager immediately in order to address the problem. Game managers are to act quickly and professionally in order to help solve the problem. An incident report form must be completed and kept on file at their institution and sent to the opposing school involved in the incident as well as to the Conference Office. All game managers are required to use the incident report form located on the Conference Website.

1.10
Competition Area

Only authorized athletic personnel approved by a host institution are allowed into the competition area when appropriate or when prompted/instructed by the game manager(s).

            1.10.1 Seating Arrangements

 Each institution’s game manager will create a plan of action designed to appropriately clarify where designated fan groups are to sit within or surrounding the area of competition. Fans cheering for and supporting the home team will be seated near, behind or in front of the team’s bench as fans supporting the opposing team will also have a designated area near, behind or in front of the visiting team’s bench. There shall be a designated student section for home and visiting fans. It shall be the responsibility of each institution to provide handicap seating areas.

            1.10.2 Prohibited Seating Areas

Every reasonable effort shall be made by competing institutions to prohibit fans, spirit groups, and students from sitting on the front row of any bleacher or stadium style seat within athletic venues where basketball and volleyball games are held. Additional prohibited seating areas shall be marked appropriately by the institution’s game manager(s).

1.11 Food and Drink Concessions
Each institution within the league will have the option to offer food and drink concessions. Policies regarding food and drink into or around the field of play will be provided by each institution. All Conference Carolinas schools are prohibited from selling alcoholic beverages.

1.12 Media Guidelines
Conference Carolinas member personnel will not comment on officials or officiating to the media.  Comments and concerns will be directed to the Conference. It is the expectation of the Conference that  all coaches, players, and athletic administrators display professionalism during interviews that are to be displayed or discussed in the media.
            1.12.1 Media Time Outs

In the sport of Men’s and Women’s Basketball, there shall be a conference-wide policy regarding media time outs. The requirements created by the NCAA will be discussed on an annual basis with all head basketball coaches prior to the Conference basketball schedule.

1.13 Cheerleading/Dance Spirit Groups
Members and coaches from an institution’s cheerleading, dance or other spirit type group are required to adhere to all game environment policies and are subject to reprimand or suspension if actions display verbally hurtful and/or unsportsmanlike conduct.  It is the responsibility of the cheerleading, dance or spirit group’s coaches to stop all unsportsmanlike conduct displayed by the squad. Cheer groups traveling with a team must contact the home site in order to arrange an appropriate area for the group to set up, change, and cheer. Each institution is responsible for implementing procedures governing the travel cheer group’s involvement.  

1.14 Noisemakers
No artificial noisemakers are permitted during competition unless approved within the sport rules in a given sport. The game manager at each institution shall be responsible for eliminating any and all artificial noisemakers that are disruptive and cause amplified sounds that are distracting to players, coaches and fans.

 

 SPORTSMANSHIP AND ETHICAL CONDUCT POLICY 

2.1 Principles of Sportsmanship and Standards for Conduct

Ethical actions in sports associated to the principles of respect, accountability, responsibility, fairness, obedience, compliance, and good citizenship are encompassed in the concept of sportsmanship.

The Presidents, Faculty Athletics Representatives, Athletics Directors, Senior Woman Administrators and coaches representing Conference Carolinas are committed to maintaining sportsmanship in healthy and competitive environments. The conference will strive to promote environments that are hospitable as the conference does not believe it is desirable to create a hostile environment during intercollegiate athletic contests. The members believe that part of the mission of intercollegiate athletic programs, within an educational context, should be to set an example for students and communities of how to act with sportsmanship and respect for opponents.


2.2 Principles of Behavior
Administration including conference, athletics department, and university administration along with coaches, student-athletes, athletic trainers, game officials, fans, spirit groups, booster groups, media outlets, parents, and campus organizations shall conduct themselves by exemplifying appropriate and positive behavior at their school and/or opposing institution throughout the duration of an athletic event. Conference Carolinas has suggested the following guidelines: 

  • Display respect and consideration toward all sport participants
  • Recognize the impact and influence of negative behavior
  • Demonstrate conscientiousness while making public comments about student-athletes, coaches, institutions, officials, and other sport participants
  • Promote parity of the rules and regulations
  • Exercise verbal and physical restraint toward others
  • Comply with all NCAA, conference, and institutional rules and policies

2.3 Conference Carolinas Sportsmanship Requirements
NCAA Statement (NCAA Bylaw 10.1.1)
Individuals employed by (or associated with) a member institution to administer, conduct or coach intercollegiate athletics, and all participating student-athletes, shall act with honesty and sportsmanship at all times so that intercollegiate athletics as a whole, their institutions and they, as individuals, shall represent the honor and dignity of fair play and the generally recognized high standards associated with wholesome competitive sports.

2.4 Implementation of the Code of Sportsmanship

Each Conference Carolinas member school’s athletic administration will conduct an educational session once a year with their student-athlete’s to discuss and review sportsmanship issues. A sportsmanship pledge must be signed by each member on an institution’s squad list and kept on file in the office of the Athletics Director. The Conference office is responsible for discussing sportsmanship issues with all coaches during their annual conference call at the beginning of their sport season, discussing various sportsmanship issues with Athletics Directors and Senior Woman Administrators at annual league meetings, and requiring schools to provide pre-game sportsmanship announcements.

            2.4.1 Student-Athlete Pledge of Sportsmanship

As a Conference Carolinas student-athlete, I understand that the use of inappropriate language, taunting, baiting or the use of unwarranted physical contact, directed at opposing players, coaches, or fans are contrary to the spirit of fair play and the sportsmanship the conference expects of its members. I understand that any unsportsmanlike action during the course of a contest may result in immediate penalty assessed to my team or me. Furthermore, I understand that game officials have been instructed that they may assess such penalties without prior warning. In signing this form I pledge my efforts to promote conference sportsmanship policies.

            2.4.2 Officials Sportsmanship Statement to Captains

Conference Carolinas requires officials to enforce all rules regarding unsportsmanlike conduct by players and coaches. Specifically trash talking, taunting, baiting, celebrations that demean opponents, and vulgar or profane language may be penalized without warning. Fighting or other malicious conduct will result in ejection. Coaches may not protest a penalty for unsportsmanlike conduct. Those officiating have been instructed that it is not necessary to issue warnings during the contest. It is strongly suggested that you remind your team of this policy.

2.5 Conference Carolinas Sportsmanship Statement
Conference Carolinas expects all participants to treat opponents and officials with respect. Every reasonable effort will be made by member institutions to emphasize the importance of good sportsmanship on and off the athletic playing field. Public criticism, obscene gestures, vulgar or profane language, striking, taunting, baiting, celebrations that demean opponents, intimidating actions, fighting, attempts to injure, and any other any other malicious or violent conduct may be penalized by contest officials and/or the Conference. At the same time, the Conference understands the pursuit of victory often entails natural joy and exuberance following an exciting play or contest and there is no desire to take away these natural reactions. However, the Conference places a great deal of importance on the principles of sportsmanship and encourages all participants to play with dignity and honor.

2.5.1 Pre-game Public Address Announcement

Conference Carolinas and (insert institution) encourage and promote sportsmanship by   student-athletes, coaches, and spectators. Profanity, racial or ethnic comments, or other intimidating actions directed at officials, student athletes, coaches, or team representatives will not be tolerated and are grounds for removal from the site of competition.

2.6 Athletic Department Responsibility
Each member school’s Athletics Director carries the responsibility to communicate all principles of the sportsmanship guidelines set forth by Conference Carolinas to ensure that all faculty and staff members as well as students and others who attend sporting events practice appropriate conduct. Concerns about conference initiatives, programs, and/or policies are to be addressed in the appropriate conference governance structure.

2.7 Coach Responsibility
Coaches representing Conference Carolinas are expected to serve as role models for their student-athletes as well as others who make up their local communities. As the conference continually emphasizes the importance of sportsmanship, all coaches are responsible for conducting themselves in a manner that aligns with the goals and mission statements presented by their institution and conference. The behavior of student-athletes and staff members reflects the behavior of the coach and his/her sport’s program.  It is expected that each coach demonstrates respect for their opponents, fans, officials, and administrative staff members as they refrain from behavior that promotes a negative playing environment.  

2.8 Conference Responsibility
The Commissioner of Conference Carolinas shall have responsibility to promote and enforce these principles and standards of conduct in connection with all athletics events involving a member institution, including competition against non-conference institutions. The Commissioner shall have broad authority to interpret the standards, review disciplinary action taken by member institutions and further penalize those deemed to have violated the standards.

2.9 Violations
Violations of the policies set forth in this or the previous section shall be dealt with accordingly by the Athletics Department administrative staff at the venue where the violation occurred. As needed or when necessary, the Conference Office will advise athletic departments on how to handle violations to the policies set forth in this handbook.
                       

2.9.1 Unsportsmanlike Conduct
Those acts believed to exemplify unsportsmanlike conduct include, but are not limited to the following:
a. Public criticism-No individual shall publicly criticize game officials, participants, coaches, athletic administrators, conference officials, or spectators.
b. Obscene gestures/Profane language-Obscene gestures, and  vulgar or profane language are prohibited and considered disrespectful when addressing game officials, players, fans, coaches, or the administrative staff.
c. Striking-No individual has the right to physically strike another opponent, fan, official, coach, or administrative staff prior to, during, or after an athletic event.
d. Threatening behavior toward officials, players, coaches, administrative staff- No individual shall exhibit physical or verbalize threatening behavior prior to, during, and/or after an athletic event.


Conference Carolinas Game Environment Policy
Best Practices for League Members

*The following information represents suggestions that Conference Carolinas’ member schools can use to enhance their commitment to game environment. All suggestions can be altered and modified to appropriately align with the game environment vision our member schools endorse.
CONFERENCE CAROLINAS GAME MANAGEMENT  BEST PRACTICES
Principles of Game Management
1). The host institution should provide all personnel necessary for the conduct of the competition. This includes a game manager, additional administrators, scorers and statisticians, athletic trainers, and any other appropriate personnel for the athletic event.
2). Host institutions should assume responsibility for all fans regardless of where they are seated or standing during competition.
Game Management Responsibility
1). Athletic Administrative staff can appoint or hire a person who will serve as the official game manager who does NOT have ANY coaching responsibilities during the athletic event they are managing and who is present throughout the pre-game practice through post-game clean up.
2). Athletic Administrative staff can put together a game management committee to write a game management guide/operations manual that is specific to their institution which describes who is responsible at the athletic event and for what they would be responsible for during a specific sport season. An example of the content that can be included in an institution’s guide can include:

  • Institution’s Athletic Staff Member’s Contact Information
  • Campus reference numbers and contact information
  • Emergency Contact Numbers
  • Directions to nearest hospital
  • Local Lodging/Restaurant Guide
  • Sport Schedules
  • Sport Specific Guidelines (for any or all sports)
  • A description of the game manager’s duties and responsibilities
  • Scorers Table Duties
  • Guidelines for officials
  • Info related to parking, concessions, cleaning schedules, locker rooms, video taping, radio set up
  • Emergency Action Plans
  • Specific Conference, Institutional, or NCAA policies
    *Game management guide can include input from SAAC and can serve as a way SAAC can get involved on the operations side of running an athletic event.
    Duties/Responsibilities of the Game Manager(s)
    The game manager should be present throughout the duration of the athletic event
    a. Scheduling and supervising the daily operation of all athletic facilities at each institution
    1). Talk with Athletics Director to develop a system that ensures all teams are able to schedule practices and games within the facilities available on their campus.
    2). Ensure that only authorized students, coaches, or others are using the facilities owned by the institution unless they are open to the general public or other specific groups.
    b. Coordinating all home athletic contest event management (providing game management protocols and guides for home and visiting teams)
    1). Provide the game management protocol to both head coaches the day of the competition and two days prior to competition. This information may or may not be the same for each institution’s sport. However, this information should be stated exactly the same for both the home and visiting teams. Guidelines for the game management protocol include but are not limited to:
    • Appropriate equipment to use during pre-game and during the game should be discussed
    • Administrative information should list contact numbers and an outline of what will be provided by the host information
    • Concession Options
    • Timing Breakdown and/or Countdown Information
    • Official roster and starting lineup submission
    • Public Address Policies
    • Game Environment Policies (Sportsmanship & Ethical Conduct & Game Management Policies)
    • Athletic Training Requirements
    • Sports Information Requirements or Guidelines
    • Conference Delay of Game Policy


2). Provide a hospitality area for championship events for the opposing team’s administrators, officials, and/or conference representatives.
3). Provide a plan to separate fans (school from school, student section, parent/general section)

4). Communicate and work with the Athletic Training staff to ensure that ice, water and cups are available to all home and visiting team participants.
5). Provide individual bench towels if appropriate for a specific sport and showers if available. Towels provided to the visiting team should be communicated to the visiting team’s head coach prior to competition.

6). Provide direction to all game management staff about pre-game and post-game set up including signage that needs to be set up or packed away, breakdown of game equipment, scorer’s table, concessions, hospitality room, etc.

7). Communicate game management plans with head coaches prior to the first home athletic event to discuss the responsibilities of the game manager, staff, and coaches.
8). Ensure that officials are changing or keeping their belongings in areas that are not used or will not be used by anyone else.
c. Managing maintenance and custodial specific requests for all athletic venues

1). Work with campus maintenance staff to request problems/concerns are fixed within the athletic facilities that will be used for practice or competition.
2). Ensure that all facilities used by the visiting team are well maintained & ready upon the visiting team’s arrival. (locker rooms, seating areas, restrooms, facilities entrances, etc)
3). Ensure that all trash is picked up or emptied prior to game day.
4). Ensure that concession areas are clean and free of contamination and monitor concession employees to make sure all health department standards are adhered.
d. Scheduling and supervising all event staff for home athletic contests and other events held at the athletic venues

1).  Create an event command center where all athletic staff workers can meet prior to the game, during the game (if necessary), and after the game

2). Station staff members at opposite ends of the gym to monitor fan behavior.
3). Discuss appropriate & inappropriate guidelines for all spirit groups & mascots representing the home or visiting team.
4). Ensure game staff reports all instances of misconduct or unsportsmanlike behavior to the game manager so that he/she can involve security if necessary.
5). All game management staff can dress in the same attire to help them be more visible to fans, coaches, and athletes if the need arises. This also helps student-workers understand that they are working and not a regular fan at that game/match. (e.g. khakis and an institution’s polo)
6). Discuss the importance of game management workers acting professionally when welcoming fans into your institution’s facility, selling tickets, selling concession items, etc.
e. Coordinating security for home athletic events

1). Educate campus security or other security staff on what to address at athletic events and what the security staff’s roles and expectations are while working at an athletic event.
2). Instruct police to escort officials to the locker rooms or to the parking lot after the       competition.
3). Instruct safety officers to position themselves in various areas around the site of competition.
4). Provide a quick debriefing session of administrators & security officers after every athletic event.
5). Provide event personnel and local law officials the authority to deny entrance into the facility and/or removal from the event facility.
f. Coordinating all visiting team arrivals and communicating via email to visiting team’s head coach discussing what to expect upon arrival to the institution in addition to providing guidelines/information on where the athletic buses, fans, and handicap parking areas are located
1). Have access to parking lots in or near facility for visiting team and fans.

2). Provide designated areas for the visiting team’s bus or transportation to be parked.
3). Communicate with officials prior to the game where they are to park for the athletic event.
4). Provide signage for parking, locker room, concession, and rest room information for all fans and the visiting team. Locker rooms can have the opposing team’s institution’s name on the door to ensure they are using the correct facility.
5). Greet the visiting team as they arrive and bring them to the locker room or facility where they will be allowed to change and/or get ready for the competition.
6). Greet the officials as they arrive for the game and show them where they will be changing and placing their personal belongings.
7). Provide visiting teams with information/direction on where the athletic training room is located.
g. Managing all media that attends athletic events
1). Provide media with all-access or restricted access credentials that they can wear which will permit them to be stationed in authorized areas.
2). Discuss the appropriate protocol for interviewing players and coaches after the game or provide this information to the media outlets that will be present at the athletic event.
h. Training, scheduling, and educating student workers & staff for event management functions
1). The game manager should set up an initial educational session prior to each sport season to go over the expectations of the institution and conference throughout the entire season.

2). The game management policy should be discussed and reviewed with all game management staff members who will assist in the operation of athletic events.
3). An emergency action plan should be discussed and practiced with all game management staff to ensure order and focus in the case of an emergency.
4). Each member assisting the game manager can be educated on how to handle specific situations that occur during an athletic event including illness, injury, crowd issues, etc.
5). The location of a command post or area to meet prior to or during an athletic event can be set up by the game manager.
i. Monitoring and maintaining crowd control during home athletic events

1). Ensure that the first row of bleacher seating is empty in the sports of basketball and volleyball.
2). Ensure that there are special seating areas for handicapped individuals.
3). Monitor cheerleaders to ensure that they are not promoting poor sportsmanship or doing anything that is overly distracting toward the coaches or players during competition.



Scorers Table Responsibilities
1). All game personnel who have scorer table responsibilities are to direct all questions, problems, or concerns to the host institution’s game manager if the officials are unable to provide appropriate advice.

2). Schools can ask that individuals serving on or near the scorer’s table to wear similar colors that are neutral so that they do not show support for one team or the other. This would help provide neutrality at the scorer’s table.
3). Music that will be played pre-game, during the game, and post-game should be approved by the game manager to ensure that it is appropriate, non-offensive, and not used to taunt the opposing team.

Crowd Control
1). Remove any and all fans who are overly disruptive and causing a negative playing environment.

2). Implement a “Jerk Line.” This is where the game manager can post signs that read something like, “If you feel threatened or uncomfortable at this athletic event, please text your issue to (insert number-which would be the game manager’s number) and a member of the game management staff will monitor the situation and take appropriate measures to ensure your safety and comfort.”
3).  The game manager should eliminate any and all signage that humiliates or demeans an opposing coach or student-athlete.
4). Schools can implement and enforce a “No Harassment Zone” policy where it is visible that harassing players, fans, and coaches is not going to be tolerated.

Visiting Team Protection

1). Prior to arrival on the competitor’s campus, the visiting team’s head coach should be given specific guidelines on strategies for his/her team for when they arrive, pre-game, and post-game operations.

2). Visiting team should receive a game protocol upon their arrival to campus which can be hand delivered to the head coach by the game manager or staff or it can be placed in the opposing team’s locker room prior to their arrival and easily visible.

Officials

1). Officials can be given a card by the home event staff providing them with expectations of what they can do when dealing with unsportsmanlike conduct.
2). Officials can fill out a short evaluation form about the teams’ sportsmanship

 

Reporting Issues/Concerns 

1). Petition for an institution-wide “no tolerance” policy regarding student-athletes criticizing the game’s officiating in the media. Ask the SAAC to hold student-athletes accountable.
2). Ask the athletics department or SAAC to set student-athlete guidelines or commitments on how they may approach an official to question a call (e.g. frame the issue as a question, do not raise your voice, no hand gestures, etc). Design penalties to be used if these guidelines/commitments are violated.

Competition Area
1). Game management staff can go onto the area of competition when directed by the game manager for purposes of marketing promotions, cleaning or for set-up and take-down.
2). Game management staff can rope off the areas on or around the field of play that are only to be used by the athletes, coaches, or staff working with the team.

 

Seating Arrangements
1). Game managers should designate an area for handicap seating.

2). Game managers should provide an adequate student fan area.

3). Game managers should work with coaches on their campus to relay where the proper areas for fans are supposed to be.

4). Signage can be used to designate various areas of seating. (i.e. Saints STUDENT DEN, etc.)

Prohibited Seating Areas

1). All first row bleacher seats should be left empty unless otherwise open for a specific purpose.

Food and Drink Concessions
1). All health codes should be adhered to when operating a food and drink concession stand.

2). Cleanliness should be the concession stand’s number one priority.

3). Concession stands can provide healthy options to sell at the concession stand.

4). Signage should be posted that says food/drink is not allowed to be brought in to the site of competition.

Media Guidelines
1). All members of the media should wear proper credentials when filming, broadcasting, or reporting an athletic event.

2). Room for photographers, cameramen, and radio should be handled by the host institution and further directions should be given by the host institution’s game manager(s) or sports information director.


Cheerleading/Dance Spirit Groups
1). If the institution has a mascot, the activities conducted by the mascot should highlight positive game attributes.
2). Spirit groups should be used to discourage unsportsmanlike conduct by the designated student section.

3). All cheers and chants should positively support the respective sports teams with the absence of taunting of players or officials from the opposing team. They should also refrain from disrespecting the opposing team’s symbols or traditions. (cheer for your team but not against the opposing team)
4). Cheerleaders can go into the stands and chant positive cheers during games.
5). The head cheerleader(s) or the coach should be alert to any situation that may cause an unsportsmanlike cheer or chant to occur from the student section or other areas of the athletic facility and be able to start a cheer that diverts attention from the negative cheer started by other fans.
6). The use of megaphones should be used with care as pointing them in the direction of the playing field may be overly distracting for members participating on the court/field.
7). The use of amplified microphones may be in violation of the noisemakers policy.

8). A positive approach cheerleaders can use includes the positive acceptance of a specific call that may not go toward the team they are cheering for.
9). Music played by cheerleading/dance or spirit groups should be approved by the game manger at the host institution to ensure that it is appropriate and non-offensive.
10). Cheerleaders should only be permitted to stand on the court during designated times such as full time outs, half-time, pre-game, post-game. 

11). If cheerleaders or dancers block the view of the game from the fans, they should be seated on or near the playing field.

Noisemakers
1). The game manager should remove any and all noisemakers that they feel are not appropriate to be used during a competitive athletic event.
2). Game security should be alert to any and all noisemakers that are being used in the stands.

 

SPORTSMANSHIP AND ETHICAL CONDUCT BEST PRACTICES
Conference Carolinas Sportsmanship Requirements
NCAA Statement (NCAA Bylaw 10.1.1)
1). Athletic Departments can implement an accountability program to address unsportsmanlike behavior by all coaches, student-athletes, and staff members representing the institution
2). Profane language is to be addressed by the coach or administration
3). Student-athletes can donate a quarter into a “jar” for every profane word spoken during practice  and/or the game setting. The money can be donated to the school’s Make-A-Wish fundraiser.

Pre-game Public Address Announcement
1). Require student-athletes from the host institution to read aloud the conference sportsmanship pledge before each competition.
2). Require one student-athlete from the host institution and one student-athlete from the visiting institution to read aloud the conference sportsmanship pledge before each competition. (i.e. this can be done at center court or on the field of play)
3). The person responsible for playing music during the athletic event can play the visitor’s fight song after the pre-game public address announcement.
4). Require an administrator or SAAC members to read the pre-game public address announcement if student-athletes from the team competing are not available to do so.

Athletic Department Responsibility
1). Each institution’s Athletics Director should meet with the University President to discuss his/her visions and expectations for the intercollegiate athletics program on their campus. These visions and expectations should be communicated to all athletics department staff.
2). The Athletic Department on each campus can create a program that will acknowledge the staff following/exemplifying good sportsmanship.
3). The Athletics Director can discuss the value of sportsmanship with campus groups such as SAAC, Compliance, Coaches, and the Game Management Committee.
4). Athletic Department can establish a sportsmanship page on school and athletics department web site that discusses specific institutional expectations and honors athletes showing sportsmanship.
5). Guest speakers can be invited onto campus to speak with all student-athletes
6). Penalties can be created for the general student body or any fan who exhibits negative sportsmanship at an athletics contest.
7). Discuss sportsmanship as one of the Division II six attributes and why its message may be different than the message displayed in professional sports
8). Follow-up with people who had been obstructive during the game or were asked to leave due to an unsportsmanlike action.
9). Involve the Faculty Athletics Representative by having him/her come to games to view and analyze sportsmanship.
10). Prohibit visiting team from inappropriate celebrations on the home team’s court/field by providing all visiting teams with a list of discouraged ideas.
11). Athletics Directors from rival institutions can call one another prior to the athletic event and prepare for increased security and other issues that may arise due to a rival game.

12. Visiting teams should not go onto the home team’s logo and stomp/jump on it.
12). Athletic Department can discipline a coach for inappropriate and unsportsmanlike behavior.

Coach Responsibility
1). Coaches can incorporate good sportsmanship themes during practice and competition.
2). Coaches can communicate with their players prior to the start of the competitive season and discuss expectations of sportsmanship by writing his/her players a letter or email.
3). Coaches can teach teams the importance of being gracious in both victory and defeat and develop a plan for when the team is victorious and when they have been defeated.
4). Coaches can make a point to shake the hands of the officials and the opposing coaches prior to the game to set an example for good sportsmanship with his/her players.
5). Coaches can require their team to shake hands with the opposing team before & after the game.
6). Provide positive game demeanor by engaging student affairs, promoting implementation of positive game environment signage, and personally inviting faculty and campus staff to games
7). Coaches can have the team develop their own rules on how teammates will be held accountable for negative remarks or actions; or coaches with the help of the SAAC or director of athletics should establish team rules and enforce them.
8). Coaches can communicate to the opposing team’s coach if there is an issue where players from the opposing team are “trash-talking” to a coach on the sidelines.

9).Visiting team coaches should have the cell phone numbers of all head and assistant coaches from the host institution in case of emergency or travel time delay.
10). Host institution’s coach can contact the visiting team coach and provide them with information about seating arrangements in the athletic facility so that they can relay this message to their student-athlete parents and fans.
11). Coaches should attend games of other teams to supplement the game-day management staff during their off season or on days they do not have games.

Athletic Trainer Responsibility

1). Athletic Trainers from the host institution should email visiting team’s ATC to ask them what they will need upon arrival and what to expect when they arrive to the host institution.
2). Host Institution’s Athletic Trainer can send information to the visiting team’s ATC telling them where the athletic training room is and what signage will help you find the athletic training room.

Student-Athlete Responsibility
1). Student-Athletes can meet with local elementary schools and university booster groups to encourage and promote good sportsmanship.
2). The team captain can write and distribute a letter to his/her team prior to the beginning of the season or during the season to remind them of good sportsmanship.
3). SAAC can develop a program for each week, every other week, or once every month that will recognize student-athletes who practice good sportsmanship.
4). Create a practice rule that requires student-athletes and coaches to donate a quarter to a collection box each time they curse. Ask teammates to hold each other accountable. The money collected can be donated to Make-A-Wish.

5). Have student-athletes help create some of the the institution’s game management/sportsmanship policies.

Fan Responsibility
1). Fans can develop a student spirit group that sits together in the stands at games and engages in pumping up the players through positive reinforcement.
2). Encourage one another to root for their team and not against their opponent.
3). Fans should be seated away from the opposing team’s bench and seating behind the visiting team bench should be designated for visiting fans.
4). Seating of parents is important at games; putting them behind home team bench.
5). Fans can sign a pledge to support the team in a positive manner.
6). Athletic Administration can encourage sportsmanship discussions between parents and student-athletes by establishing roundtable discussion groups.
7). Athletic Administration can make a presentation for general students and parents on fan behavior and expectations at freshman orientation.